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Kenyan Ethiopia

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Kenyan Ethiopia Factbook
« on: August 29, 2014, 01:49:21 PM »
(OOC Warning: there is quite a bit of alternate history in Kenyan Ethiopia, which I suspect is quite common, but I go back perhaps a bit further then others. Again, I hope this isn't an issue. If anything I make in the factbook steps on anyone's toes, I'll be happy to rectify/remove it! Thank you!)

Kenyan Ethiopia

Kenyan Ethiopia has a long and complicated history that is intricately woven with Ethiopia. The seat of power of the Kenyan-Ethiopian Empires, Republics, and Rasdoms have historically been in Ethiopia, something that is dramatically different in the later version of the country. While it implies it is based around Ethiopia, and much of the economy is, the holdings are primarily in Kenya.

The history of any country is long and complicated, but Kenyan Ethiopia's roots are even moreso then most. However, this factbook will attempt to isolate the history into a digestible amount.

History of Kenyan Ethiopia

To truly understand Kenyan Ethiopia, one must read deep into the politics of Ethiopia even before the establishment of the Middle Ages, but for simplicity's sake, it will be assumed that a rough knowledge of this time period already exists in the intelligence operatives or foreign diplomats who read this.

Zemene Mesafint

Zemene Mesafint (Rule by Princes) is an Ethiopian era of decentralization, in which powerful princedoms, or what was regionally defined primarily as Rasdoms ruled. It is here that the beginnings of a more modern form of government began.

The beginning of the Zemene Mesafint was chaotic, shortly after the defeat of Iyasu the Great in 1706. For many years, it there was almost no central form of government, until a powerful political and regional leader came to power, Ras Kassa Haile Giorgis was crowned ruler of Ethiopia, after defeating many regional warlords and even other powerful noblemen. It was the first time a man who was not of the Solomonic Dynasty had ever held the crown.

Emperor Tewodros II was a fine ruler, and many suspect that he would have lead his country out of the Zemene Mesafint, but he died before he could do so, of a British Expeditionary Force that acted in response to his capture of Briton representatives. Unable to establish this, he proved a brief respite of the violence.

However, Emperor Tewodros' true affect on history was influence a la indirect. He began the concepts of modernization, and the Imperial title lay empty for ten years, until a regional warlord of only five-hundred men captured Axum in a fluke and crowned himself Emperor. Using shrewd politics, Sahle Sahissi captured the crown and garnered enough influence to keep it. However, his rule was so unpopular, that it was the true unification of Ethiopia.

Sahle Sahissi's Imperial Reign ended only four years after it began, and never again was there an Emperor of Ethiopia, instead, the lords and nobles of Ethiopia implemented a complex doctrine, called the Tewodros Doctrine, or more commonly referred to as the anglicized fashion, the Theodore Doctrine. Ironically, this doctrine was influenced a great deal by the English Ethiopia Company, or the EEC, a split-off from the British East Africa Company. The EEC would dramatically influence the policy, economy and modernization of Ethiopia and Kenya in the days to come.

The Theodore Doctrine

The Theodore Doctrine was the official government paper that established the United Rasdoms of Ethiopia. It was signed by all the noblemen of Ethiopia, forming regional governors appointed by councils of the regional noblemen, and regional judges, elected by the people of Ethiopia. It also anointed immense political power to the President of the English-Ethiopia Company, in return for nearly unlimited financial assistance in the process of modernizing their economy.

The new government acted rather decentralized, but formed a relatively weak central government, called the Ras Council. It proved remarkably stable, due to the requirement of the Rasdoms (internal states) of Ethiopia to send a percentage of their taxes to the Ras Council for defense and a federal police and justice force. The Ras Council, specifically the President of the Ras Council, grew in power slowly, but it the establishment of the Rasdoms to have the primary tax power kept majority power regionally.

The Ras Council also coined the Dirr, a currency that would quickly be adopted by Kenya in an Economic Trade Agreement, the first such agreement that would turn into a small federation on the Horn of Africa.

The Kenya Alliance

This extremely modern, semi-aristocratic, semi-democratic government was a far faster modernization then many believed was possible. Its neighbor, (and in the future, a close ally) was Kenya. At the time, Zanzibar (the Protectorate of Zanzibar) was underneath the coastal "protection" of Germany. However, the British East Africa Company would briefly take over operations in 1888, however found fierce economic competition from regional rivals (and political rivals) the EEC.

The British East Africa Company and the EEC had dramatically different attitudes toward Colonization. One believed in actual colonization, the other believed in what they called "mutual beneficial relationships," but was a much more polite--and at the same time, far more vicious, form of Mercantilism. It was the ideas of mercantilism, without any of the concepts of colonization.

The EEC argued that the British East Africa Company was not interested in real colonization, but domination. In fact, this was historically accurate.

After several skirmishes with Ethiopia, at the request of the people of Kenya itself, Ethiopia and the EEC started a small, regional trade war with the British East Africa Company. While they initially started strong, it looked as if the powerful British East Africa Company would win. However, after revelations of the total lack of solvency that the East Africa Company had obtained, capitalist support fell a little behind the BEAC, and fell to the EEC.

The Federation of Kenya-Ethiopia

The EEC-British East Africa Company Trade War allowed for two things: the EEC to demand that the British East Africa Company pull out of Kenya, and expand their holdings in Ethiopia and Kenya. They built modern infrastructure, including railways, modern roads, and many forms of transportation that was never before expected. Furthermore, by 1899, Kenya--which was in political chaos following the British East Africa Company's pull out of the region--was annexed at the actual request of the Kenyan populace.

The EEC and the United Rasdoms of Ethiopia formed, with the New Kenyan Republic, the Federation of Kenya-Ethiopia in 1899. This created the earliest relationship between the two countries. The alliance was seen as strange all over the world, given the dramatic difference in culture and religion in Kenya and Ethiopia.

This proved to be a comparatively small problem, as the EEC was the truly dominant group of the three. Slowly, through trade, modernization, small amounts of influence, and immigration, the EEC managed to bring both Kenya and Ethiopia into a semi-westernized culture. This didn't diminish their roots, but it did create a uniquely English streak through both cultures, and this unified them as much as anything.

Kenyans and Ethiopians where distinct, but found mutual connection in their English influences. A historian once associated the context by saying thus, "Kenyans and Ethiopians where like half-siblings. They were mothered by different cultures, but their fathers--who helped raise them--were very similar. Ethiopians perhaps were closer to their father, the British, but the Kenyans cannot be said to have not had major influence from the British."

It is in this way that, after another half-century, the Federation of Kenya-Ethiopia survived.

Collapse of the Federation

The Federation suffered during the Nazi Invasion of 1941, an attempt to help relieve the pressure that the Federation was putting on the Italians by removing their influence. Although disastrous, the Nazi Invasion was repelled with the help of the Allies. In 1942, the Nazis pulled out of the Federation lands, but their objective was done: Kenya-Ethiopia had been crippled economically, politically, and internally.

While culturally, the Kenyans and Ethiopians had little trouble, religion remained a problem. With Anglicanism on the rise in Kenya-Ethiopia, most other Christians had either found no fault with this or converted to the Anglican Renaissance of Kenya-Ethiopia. At this point, nearly all of Kenya-Ethiopia had European blood, as well, due to extensive immigration and a largely accepting, trade-based culture that had arisen in the latter of the 19th Century in both countries.

However, a small minority of separatists originating out of the borderlands between the former borders between Kenya and Ethiopia, a border forgotten by most by this time, gained regional dominance after the Nazi Invasion. A strong tilt towards the prominent concept of Shia Dominance that was well-known in the area and would soon spread all over the Islamic World. While the Shia were, in Kenya-Ethiopia, largely a minority, they were regionally incredibly common.

Furthermore, the Shiia State of Kenya, as the organization called themselves, claimed themselves to be the true heirs of Kenya. They destroyed a great deal of infrastructure between the border of Kenya and Ethiopia.

Eventually, they would invade Kenya proper, and the shattered armies of Kenya-Ethiopia would be demolished. The economically devastated company would reach out to the equally modernized EEC, which long since had ceased political manipulation of the company, but still remained one of the largest employers. The EEC bailed out the Federation, but ultimately, the Federation would collapse into civil war after Ras Salassie Hastings started the Grand Imperial Army, invading and capturing Axum and most of Ethiopia, only to be defeated by twelve various, regional groups with no relation.

Writhing in chaos during the otherwise prosperous 1950s, the Federation of Kenya-Ethiopia was razed internally.

The Christian Republican Movement

The majority of the populations of both Kenya and Ethiopia, by 1954, was Anglican. Other Christian demoniations made up almost all of the other faiths, having almost totally eliminated all "traditional faiths" in Kenya. Christianity had a long and storied history in Ethiopia, and they were always a majority, but even the Islam-dominated Kenya had a majority of Christians.

Almost seventy-five percent of Kenya had European blood, and the number went up significantly in Ethiopia. Therefore, the radical Shia State of Kenya was, demographically, doomed to fail. However, they held Kenya for nearly ten years of bloody dictatorship, in which they systemically murdered Sunnis, Europeans (or half-Europeans) or Christians. This atrocity was largely ignored until the EEC, desperately trying to stop the insanity, raised awareness of the issue all over the Western World.

Money poured into the EEC through donations, and they formed the Republican Christian Movement in Ethiopia, which was divided into almost twenty different states. The Empire of Axum was the last to join the Republican Christian Movement, but eventually, they would join. Shortly thereafter, they formed the Republic of Ethiopia.

The Republic of Ethiopia invaded Kenya, liberating the vast majority of the population held hostage by the small radical minority, the Shia State collapsed in less then a month.

Kenya joined the Republic with glee, and the Republic of Kenya-Ethiopia began to repair the damage done by the various separatism movements, most notably, the tyrants of the SSK, as they were commonly referred to as.

The Bankruptcy of the EEC, and the Fall of the Republic

The Republic ruled for nearly another fifty years, but the later ten years of the Republic were chaotic. During a time of economic surplus and change--and while farming was still the major export--Nairobi was changing. Nairobi had established itself as the country's Commercial Center, and the devoutly religious nation found themselves awash with money.

Ironically, the Republic was never able to quiet the tones of descent from the Middle Region, but--in fear of the Tyranny, which was what the SSK's rule was called--there was a reactionary movement growing. This time, it was a small group of radical Sunnis who again advocated political dominance.

However, with Anti-Islamist extremists on the rise in Kenya-Ethiopia, and the Pro-Islamist extremists equally on the rise, largely funded by outside Islamist movements, the largest issue proved economic.

Nairobi's "commercial renaissance" rose on the back of the ever-dominant EEC. However, a scandal at the heart of the EEC proved the deathstroke of the seemingly unbeatable company. Embezzlement saw a huge majority of the company's cash on hand, accompanied with the Economic Collapse of 2008, the stocks of the EEC plummeted.

Eventually, the EEC was forced to declare bankruptcy, which saw a chain reaction that demolished the Kenya-Ethiopian economy. By 2009, Kenya-Ethiopia was falling a part. Unemployment and the national debt were incomparable, but the largest issue arose when the inflation became too much.

With the currency (the Dirr) basically worthless, their credit was downgraded repeatedly. Suddenly, the entire economy was worthless, and the government declared bankruptcy.

In a chain of events, the Republic collapsed. Powerful Sunni Seperatists rose in Kenya, with cells all over Ethiopia, but the Second Republican Movement arose from the ashes of the Republic, based largely out of Nairobi. The civil war that came was one of the bloodiest.

For three years, the war raged on. Nearly 100,000 died in the civil war, but--in a sense of horrific irony--the war grew enough attention that the economy in both Kenya and Ethiopia improved a great deal, as people began to invest in the growing industry: guns, military operation materials, and other such objects.

Seconded only by Agriculture, the War Economy was fantastic, and the Sunni Seperatist Movement, which had dominated their slightly more radical Shia Dominance Movement, had been pushed back into Northern Ethiopia, where they were unpopular, but their residing army proved powerful to stay in power.

By 2013, the Second Republic Movement, or the SRM, was a controversial figure, but established the country of Kenyan Ethiopia in the areas they controlled, out of the ashes of the Republic.

Modern Kenyan Ethiopia

Kenyan Ethiopia had several policy changes. They actively attempted to refocus their economy on commerce and agriculture, as well as trade oversees. They had a small amount of oil reserves, which they seized and used to pay off the debt that Kenyan Ethiopia owed.

The name rose some eyebrows, they chose it to slowly move away from the idea of a split in the name. Eventually, they wanted to form their own name, probably just Ethiopia. However, for the time being the Republic of Kenyan Ethiopia was their official name--most commonly referred to as either the Second Republic, RKE or Kenyan Ethiopia. Some just call it Ethiopia.

Kenyan Ethiopia's northern border was highly militarized, and their hope to capture the rest of Ethiopia was is a strongly held one among the populace. Demographically, they are extremely Christian, this being one of the international community's primary complaints. While there is little institutionalized anti-Islamic tendencies, there is very little active attempts to prosecute less institutionalized forms of anti-Islamic beliefs--namely the violent ones.

On the other hand, a vast majority of Islamic folk fled to Northern Ethiopia, or Islamic Ethiopia. Even with almost all of the Former Republic's Islamic populations in that region, the a great deal of the population there is still Christian. The combined affects of long-term European colonization and intermarriage, followed by a great deal of missionary work by other European groups, as well as the vast majority of Christians that existed in Ethiopia for centuries, met for a total dominance in the region.

Again, internally, the Second Republic is forced to try and repair the damage done by internal conflict. However, it seems that, more then any other government, the Second Republic is probably the most stable of all the previous ones. Of course, the future is unknowable. The developed country of Kenya-Ethiopia had  all the makings for stability for many years, but had never succeeded in finding it, disproving the theory that stability comes from development alone.

How will the Second Republic rise from the ashes of the First? With difficulty, but the reestablishment of the Commercial Business of Nairobi after the EEC Bankruptcy--and, indeed, the lack of the EEC to fall back on--may be the best thing about the Second Republic next to the First Republic, which relied far too much on the EEC.

Ultimately, however, the future cannot be foreseen.

Kenyan Ethiopia

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Re: Kenyan Ethiopia Factbook
« Reply #1 on: August 29, 2014, 01:52:14 PM »
Republic of Kenyan Ethiopia

Capital: Nairobi

Population: 210,000,000

Motto: "Fwaaqua Bilisummaa Gutu Qabaachuu," (Oromo; roughly translates to "For God and Liberty")

Anthem: Faith in the Covenant

Languages

Official: Oromo (only roughly 60% of population)

Most common: English (nearly 100% of population)

Currency: the Dirr (OOC reference for the Dirr's power: .8 to every US Dollar)

Terrain

In the South, it varies quickly. At first, Kenyan Ethiopia has the coast, on which many trade cities are established, an incredibly important area for the economy.

As you get inland, the Kenya Rift Valley dominates the South Central area, in which you have two of the largest mountains and plenty of arable land that is well-irrigated.

In fact, the entire Southern and Central regions--minus the two large rainforests--are sprinkled with many rivers and water sources, which are irrigated so that almost the entire country is arable land, making up for one of the largest regions for agrarian development in the world.

As you get further north, the mountains become more pronounced, especially as you enter the Ethiopian regions, which are covered in various mountains, tall hills, and many hill farmers.

Natural resources:

Pure water source, large forested regions (one rainforest). Nearly 80-90% arable land.

Iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, silver, bauxite, uranium, cobalt, niobium, tantalum, petroleum, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, coal, hydropower, timber.

Agricultural: Tea (world-famous Kenyan tea), coffee, various horticulture,

Livestock: Over 48 million heads of cattle, 8 million sheep, 6 million pigs, 10 million goats.

Chicken and other poultry are owned by almost every household. The wealthiest Kenyan Ethiopians will own massive coops, and hundreds of chickens. Poultry is by far the most common livestock in Kenyan Ethiopia, with more combined chickens, ducks, turkeys and geese then the population of Kenyan Ethiopia.

Natural Hazards

Flooding is common, especially in the Kenyan Rift Valley, although the advanced levy system keeps the most urban areas of Kenyan Ethiopia safe. Mudslides are not unheard of in the mountainous regions of Ethiopia, especially during the rain season.

Droughts are fairly common occurrences, year-long droughts happening roughly once or twice every decade. These are bad for the economy, but most farmers are wealthy enough to have enough cash-on-hand to make it through the bad drought seasons.

Religion

Religion is possibly the most important part of the average Kenyan Ethiopian's life, beside family. Demographics for religion have atheism/agnosticism at a phenomenally low four percent, one of the lowest in the world.

Almost 90% of the country is Christian, with most of the Islamic Kenyan Ethiopians moving to Islamic Ethiopia after the Collapse of the Republic in 2009.

The state religion is Christian, although there is a total freedom of religion in the country; expressions of faith are common, popular, and uncontroversial in-government. Absolutely no debate is made over the establishment of a state religion, its popularity is so vast.

Religion has been a controversial topic in the past, primarily due to a history of powerful (externally funded) Islamic Supremacists rising up. This has developed a streak of anti-Islamic tendencies reflected in much of the population of Kenyan Ethiopia, although it has never been institutionalized, it can be difficult to seek justice as a Muslim who has been wronged. Recently, Kenyan Ethiopia has made a conscious effort to correct this.
« Last Edit: August 31, 2014, 06:22:53 PM by Kenyan Ethiopia »

Kenyan Ethiopia

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Re: Kenyan Ethiopia Factbook
« Reply #2 on: August 31, 2014, 06:36:19 PM »
Crime/Punishment Statistics

Crime is nearly non-existent in the rural areas of Kenyan Ethiopia, where most of the population is made up of individual farmers who are wealthy and largely self-sustaining.

Urban areas, especially Nairobi, have crime problems, although it's not organized and the Nairobi Police Department have done an excellent job of breaking up larger gangs as they get larger. Disorganized crime remains a small issue, but it isn't widespread, and it rarely amounts to murder.

Gun Rights are sacrosanct, and violent crime is very low (especially compared to the world average), although gun crimes tick slightly higher then is suspected, especially those crimes done at gunpoint.

Smuggling is almost non-existent, because almost all substances are legal and regulated reasonably light. Even hard drugs are legal, although drug use is extremely uncommon in Kenyan Ethiopia due to an excellent education system that emphasizes the issues of drugs while not making it illegal.

Corruption is almost unheard of.

Terrorism is a constant threat, especially in the Ethiopian regions of Kenyan Ethiopia. In a long-standing conflict with their northern neighbors, the Islamic State of Ethiopia, or Islamic Ethiopia (a country that split after the 2009 Collapse of the Republic of Kenya-Ethiopia).

Crimes related to the ongoing conflict are considered serious, and surprisingly common.

Penal Code

The penal code is very strict with violent crime, but nonviolent crime is dealt with differently. White collar crime, a growing problem (especially in Nairobi) is lightly punished, with only one white collar prison that is minimum security and fairly comfortable. There is a push to greater punish white collar.

There is no death penalty, based primarily off of the idea that Christians should not kill.

Prison labor is well-regulated and fair, used primarily to help with transition back into civilian life. Criminals who labor get 50% of the income they receive, while the rest goes to paying for their incarceration. This makes incarceration cheap, and reintegration far more common.

This, coupled with a system designed to help them and a growing group of businesses willing to hire ex-cons, has contributed a great deal to the remarkably low crime statistics in Kenyan Ethiopia. People will often leave prison with five to ten thousand dollars, live in half-way houses until they have about fifteen thousand dollars in the bank account, or have steady income, and will then fully reintegrate.

This leaves very little need for crime, as even the poorest citizens have been able to find jobs in manufacturing of weapons, which is a common business for poor, non-agrarian populations after the 2009 Kenya-Ethiopia Civil War.

Kenyan Ethiopia

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Re: Kenyan Ethiopia Factbook
« Reply #3 on: August 31, 2014, 06:48:29 PM »
Education in Kenyan Ethiopia

After the 2009 Collapse of the Republic of Kenya-Ethiopia, all public schools where shut down. In response, many groups worldwide contributed to set up a privatized education system in Kenya-Ethiopia, based around both "public" and "private" school systems, although none have to do with the government at all.

The only role government has in Education is on inspection basis, which they take seriously and stringently.

The education system is consistently rated among the best for its style, with competition driving education statistics, and most schools being "private," which is to say that they are closed to members of that Christian denomination, and privately funded by both the Church (almost always Catholic, Orthodox, or Anglican) and those who attend. These schools are universally world-class.

Public Education refers to private schools that allow anyone in. These are funded, in very small part, by the government, and vouchers are handed out further to children who couldn't afford it en masse. This allows for every single child having the capabilities (and being required) to go to a school of some sort all the way through to 12th Grade, lest they graduate early. The primary funding for Public Education comes from the companies sponsoring the school in question, which often specifies the specialty of the public school in question.

Post-Secondary Education is not as good in Kenyan Ethiopia in comparison to their K-12 Education System. Still privatized, the only world-class university is the University of Nairobi. The formerly great University of Axum is now in Islamic Ethiopia, and is closed to Kenyan Ethiopians, although it is still an excellent university.

Other regional universities are considered good, but not compared to European Universities in quality. There have been steps made to improve them, but the process is long.

As it stands, it is common for middle-class or wealthy students who failed to make it into the University of Nairobi to go to an American or European School, and often will come home married to an American or European, but almost always returns. This has actually been good for the population, as it is has grown with even more skilled immigrants who are attached to the wealthy and middle-class members of Kenyan Ethiopia.