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Finnish Factbook
« on: June 03, 2010, 04:26:24 AM »
An Introduction To Finland
Johdanto Suomi
En Introduktion Till Finland

Name: Kingdom of Finland
Suomen Kuningaskunta (Finnish)
Konungariket Finland (Swedish)
Soome Kuningriik (Estonian)
Королевство Финляндия (Russian)
Suoma Gonagasriika (Sámi)

The Kingdom of Finland is a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system. It is a country in its own right and consists of five administrative divisions (or countries): Finland, Estonia, Eastern Karelia, Ingria and the Åland Islands, along with one autonmous city that has the same status as a country (Pietari). The four constituent countries and the autonomous city are devolved administrations, each with varying powers, based in their capital cities Tallinn, Äänislinna, Mariehamn, and Hatsina respectively.

Head of State:
Filip I, King of Finland and Karelia, Grand Prince of Estonia, Duke of Åland, Grand Duke of Lapland, Duke of Courland, Lord of Kaleva and the North
(Finnish: Filip I, Suomen ja Karjalan kuningas, Viron suuriruhtinas, Ahvenanmaan herttua, Lapinmaan suuriruhtinas, Kuurinmaa herttua, Kalevan ja Pohjolan isäntä
Swedish: Filip I, Kung av Finland och Karelen, storfurste av Estland, hertig av Åland, storhertig av Lappland, hertig av Kurland, herre över Kaleva och Norden)

Head of Government: Terttu Savola, SDP

National Anthem:
Maamme, Vårt Land (Swedish)
(Our Land)

Capital: Helsinki (Helsingfors)

Major Cities: Pietari (St Petersburg), Tampere (Tammerfors), Äänislinna (Petrozavodsk), Tallinna (Tallinn), Muurmanni (Murmansk)

Languages: Finnish, Swedish
Recognised Regional Languages: Sámi, Russian, Estonia, Karelian, Veps

Government: Constitutional monarchy
-   King: Filip I
-   Prime Minister: Terttu Savola (SDP)

Area:  317,975.2 square miles

Population:  14, 743, 697

GDP (PPP)
Total:  $210.493 billion
Per capita: $70,561

Currency: Finnish Maarka divided into 100 penniä
« Last Edit: August 20, 2014, 01:25:54 PM by Finland »
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #1 on: June 04, 2010, 11:04:14 AM »
Provinces of Finland
Suomen Läänit
Finlands Län

Flag


Southern Finland (Etelä-Suomen/Södra Finlands) – Hämeenlinna (Tavastehus)

Western Finland (Länsi-Suomen/Västra Finlands) – Turku (Åbo)

Eastern Finland (Itä-Suomen/Östra Finlands) – Mikkeli (S:t Michel)

Oulu (Oulun/Uleåborgs) – Oulu (Uleåborg)

Lapland (Lapin/Lapplands) – Rovaneimi

Viipuri (Viipurin/Vyborgs) – Viipuri (Vyborg)
« Last Edit: October 11, 2014, 03:31:17 AM by Finland »
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #2 on: June 08, 2010, 09:43:06 AM »
Council of State
Valtioneuvosto
Statsrådet

Third Council of State under Terttu Savola:

Prime Minister (Pääministeri/Statsminister)
 Terttu Savola - SDP

Deputy Prime Minister (Pääministerin sijainen/Vice-Statsminister)
Carl Haglund - SFP

Minister for Foreign Affairs (Ulkoasiainministeri/Utrikesministrar)
Jutta Urpilainen - SDP
 
Minister of Justice (Oikeusministeri/Justitieminister)
Victor Klimenko - Harmony Centre

Minister of the Interior (Sisäasiainministeri/Inrikesminister)
Karl-August Fagerholm -SDP

Minister of Defence (Puolustusministeri/Försvarsminister)
Juha Sipilä - – Kesk.

Minister of Finance (Valtiovarainministeri/Finansminister)
Anna Vyrubova – Harmony Centre

Minister of Education (Opetusministeri/Utbildningsminister)
Mauno Koivisto - SDP

Minister of Agriculture and Forestry (Maa- ja metsätalousministeri/Jord- och skogsbruksministeriet)
Annika Saarikko - Kesk.

Minister of Transport (Liikenneministeri/Trafikminister)
Vladimir Stark -– Harmony Centre

Minister of Communications (Asunto- ja viestintäministeri/Bostads- och kommunikations-
minister)
Päivi Räsänen - KD

Minister of Employment and the Economy (Työ- ja elinkeinoministeri/Arbets- och näringsminister)
Pavel Ukhtomsky -– Harmony Centre

Minister of Health and Social Services (Sosiaali- ja terveysministeri/Social- och hälsovårdsministeriet)
Juha Rehula - – Kesk.

Minister of the Environment (Ympäristöministeri/Miljöminister)
Pär Stenbäck - SFP

Minister of Culture (Kulttuuri- ja Urheiluministeri/Kulturminister)
Stefan Wallin - SFP
« Last Edit: December 28, 2012, 12:48:13 PM by Finland »
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #3 on: June 10, 2010, 09:07:47 AM »
Administrative divisions updated 10/6/2010
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #4 on: June 17, 2010, 09:27:37 AM »
Updated 17/6/2010
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #5 on: September 02, 2010, 02:08:40 PM »
Updated and restructured provincial data 2/9/2010
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #6 on: September 02, 2010, 02:21:11 PM »
Southern Finland Information

Geography
Provincal Capital: Hämeenlinna
Regions: South Karelia, Päijänne Tavastia, Tavastia Proper, Uuisamaa, Eastern Uuisamaa, Kymenlaakso
Major Cities: Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa, Porvoo

Industry
Main Industries: Manufacturing, Chemical Industry, Services

Politics
Provincial Governor: Anneli Taina (NCP)
Ruling Party: National Coalition Party

Demographics
Population: 2,211,040
Languages: Finnish, Swedish
« Last Edit: August 09, 2013, 09:27:35 AM by Finland »
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #7 on: September 02, 2010, 02:28:26 PM »
Western Finland Information


Geography
Provincal Capital: Turku
Regions: Southern Ostrobothnia, Ostrobothnia, Pirkanmaa, Satakunta, Central Ostrobothnia, Central Finland, Finland Proper
Major Cities: Tampere, Seinajöki, Turku, Salo, Jyväskylä

Industry
Main Industries: Manufacturing, Energy Production, Paper, Services

Politics
Provincial Governor: Rauno Saari (SDP)
Ruling Party: Social Democrat Party

Demographics
Population: 1,878,200
Languages: Finnish, Swedish
« Last Edit: August 09, 2013, 09:29:24 AM by Finland »
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #8 on: September 02, 2010, 02:33:24 PM »
Eastern Finland Information


Geography
Provincal Capital: Mikkeli
Regions: Northern Karelia, Northern Savonia, Southern Savonia
Major Cities: Joensuu, Kuopio, Jyväskylä

Industry
Main Industries: Manufacturing, Forestry, Services

Politics
Provincial Governor: Pirjo Ala-Kapee (SDP)
Ruling Party: Social Democrat Party

Demographics
Population: 574,000
Languages: Finnish, Karelian
« Last Edit: August 09, 2013, 09:32:23 AM by Finland »
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #9 on: September 04, 2010, 02:55:26 AM »
Oulu Information


Geography
Provincal Capital: Oulu
Regions: Northern Ostrobothnia, Kainuu
Major Cities: Kajaani

Industry
Main Industries: Manufacturing, Agriculture, Services, Fishing

Politics
Provincial Governor: Eino Siuruainen (SDP)
Ruling Party: Social Democrat Party

Demographics
Population: 468,300
Languages: Finnish, Swedish
« Last Edit: August 09, 2013, 09:32:51 AM by Finland »
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #10 on: September 04, 2010, 03:08:54 AM »
Lapland Information


Geography
Provincal Capital: Rovaneimi
Regions: Northern Lapland, Tunturi Lapland, Eastern Lapland, Tornio Valley, Kemi-Tornio, Rovaneimi, Petsamo, Pohjoinen Maa
Major Cities: Kemi, Tornio

Industry
Main Industries: Tourism, Agriculture, Mining, Forestry

Politics
Provincial Governor: Pirkko Työläjärvi (CP)
Ruling Party: Centre Party

Demographics
Population: 184,000
Languages: Finnish, Sámi, Swedish
« Last Edit: October 11, 2014, 03:36:50 AM by Finland »
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #11 on: September 04, 2010, 06:10:26 AM »
Viipuri Information


Geography
Provincal Capital: Viipuri
Counties: Ranta, Äyräpää, Käkisalmi, Kurkijoki, Kymi, Lappee, Salmi, Sortavala, Jääski   
Major Cities: Sortavala, Käkisalmi, Lappeenranta 

Industry
Main Industries: Mining, Forestry, Paper Production,

Politics
Provincial Governor: Alexander Vyrubov(HC)
Ruling Party: Harmony Centre

Demographics
Population: 621,000
Languages: Finnish, Swedish, Russian
« Last Edit: October 11, 2014, 03:35:00 AM by Finland »
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #12 on: September 24, 2010, 03:42:00 AM »
Government data updated 24/09/2010
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #13 on: May 13, 2012, 08:40:05 AM »
Government of Åland
Ålands Landskapsregering
Ahvenanmaan Maakuntahallitus

Åland State Provincial Office (Länsstyrelsen på Åland)
Governor of Åland - Peter Lindbäck

Premier (Lantråd): Mrs. Camilla Gunell (SD)
Deputy premier (Vicelantråd), Minister of Finance: Mr. Roger Nordlund (ÅC)
 
Minister of Education and Culture: Johan Ehn (MÅ)
Minister of Social Affairs and Environment: Carina Aaltonen (SD)
Minister of Administration and Nordic Affairs: Gun-Mari Lindholm (Obs)
Minister of Industry and Trade: Fredrik Karlström (Obs)
Minister of Communications and Infrastructure: Veronica Thörnroos (ÅC)

The Parliament of Åland (Lagtinget) has 30 members, elected for a four year term by proportional representation.
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #14 on: July 18, 2012, 02:58:52 PM »
Nobility of Finland
Aateli
Adel

Prince (Furste / Ruhtinas)
The Prince Menschikoff, Prince of Ingria

Duke (Hertig / Herttua)
von Wright, Duke of Turku and Pori
Soisalon-Soininen, Duke of Nyland and Tavastehus
Yrjö-Koskinen, Duke of Savolax and Karelia
Nordenskjöld, Duke of Lapland
Mannerheim, Duke of Vaasa
Boije af Gennäs, Duke of Kymmenegård
von Biron, Duke of Mitau

Count (Greve / Kreivi)
Creutz, the county of Borgå
Stålhammer, the county of Åbo
Indrenius-Zalewski, the county of Hämeenlinna
von Kræmer, the county of St. Michels
Klas Tott, the county of Karleborg
Kurki, the county of Laukko
Örn, the county of Petsamo
Keres, the county of Võru
von Kotzebue, the county of Hiiu
Šmigun-Vähi, the county of Saare

Baron (Freiherr / Vapaaherra)
Fleming, the barony of Louhisaari
Horn, the barony of Kankas
Tuomas-Kettunen, the barony of Tuutarhovi
von Schantz, the barony of Harviala
Särkilahti, the barony of Pyhäjoki
Banér, the barony of Kokkola
Wittenberg, the barony of Loimijoki
Soop, the barony of Lempäälä
Etholén, the barony of Hyvinkää

Knights (Riddare / Ritari)
Adlerstjerna
Benzelstjerna
Blåfield
Brand
Örn
Toll
Jarva
Iso-Mustajärvi
Luukkanen
Willman
Lintunen
Mäe
Rüütel
Frölich

N.B. All members of a noble family received equal noble status – not only the head of the house.
« Last Edit: July 29, 2013, 10:56:58 AM by Finland »
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #15 on: July 19, 2012, 05:12:40 AM »
Swedish Assembly of Finland
Suomenruotsalaiset Kansankäräjät
Svenska Finlands Folkting

The Swedish Assembly of Finland (Folktinget) is a an organisation with the statutory task of safeguarding the Swedish language ande the interests of the Swedish-speaking population of Finland. Folktinget participates in the law-drafting process and issues statements to governmental institutions on issues concerning the Swedish-speaking population. Folktinget is a cross-political body; all parliamentary parties with activities in Swedish are members of Folktinget.

The People's Parliament's 75 members are distributed among various parties:
 
Swedish People's Party: 45 members
Social Democrats: 8 members
Coalition Party: 6 members
The Left Alliance: 4 members
The Greens: 3 members
Christian Democratic Party: 2 members
The Centre Party: 2 members
 
In addition, five members are appointed by the members of the Parliament of Åland.

The current chairperson is Christina Gestrin (SFP).

Sami Parliament of Finland
Saamelaiskäräjät
Sámediggi/Sämitigge/Sää´mte´ǧǧ
Sametinget

The Parliament is the representative body for people of Sami heritage in Finland. The parliament consists of 21 elected members. The current president is Klemetti Näkkäläjärvi, the first vice-president is Irja Seurujärvi-Kari, and the second vice president is Erkki Lumisalmi.

The Finnish Sámi Parliament decides on the distribution of the funds it receives that are earmarked for use by the Sámi. It can also sponsor bills and release statements on matters that fall under its jurisdiction.
 
The Finnish Sámi Parliament is a separate branch of the Ministry of Justice and is an independent legal body subject to public law with its own governing body, accountants and auditors.The parliament has working groups for: education and education materiel, Sami livelihood and rights, culture, social issues and health, election, and Sami language.

Sámi Parliament has 21 representatives and 4 deputy representatives, who are elected every 4 years from the Sami Domicile Area (Saamelaisten Kotiseutualue/Sámiid Ruovttuguovllu/Samernas Hembygdsområde).

According to the Sámi Parliament, the following Sámi languages are in use in Finland:
Inari Sámi (Anarâškielâ)
Skolt Sámi (Sääˊmǩiõll
Northern Sámi (Davvisámegiella)
Kildin Sámi (Кӣллт сāмь кӣлл / Kiillt saam' kiill)
« Last Edit: February 23, 2013, 04:28:38 AM by Finland »
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #16 on: September 17, 2012, 08:50:52 AM »
Åland/Ahvenanmaa

Flag


Motto: Islands of Peace

Geography
Provincal Capital: Mariehamn
Municipalities: Mariehamn, Jomala, Finström, Lemland, Saltvik, Hammarland, Sund, Eckerö, Föglö, Brändö, Geta, Vårdö, Lumparland, Kumlinge, Kökar, Sottunga   
Major Cities: Mariehamn is the only substanital town

Industry
Main Industries: Shipping, Tourism, Fishing 

Politics
Provincial Governor: Peter Lindbäck

Premier: Camilla Gunell
Ruling Party: Åland Social Democrats (Ålands Socialdemokrater)

Demographics
Population: 27,700
Languages: Swedish
« Last Edit: August 09, 2013, 09:40:08 AM by Finland »
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #17 on: September 17, 2012, 09:00:31 AM »
Eesti/Viro/Estland
Estonia


Flag


Geography
Capital: Tallinn
Counties (maakond) : Harju, Hiiu, Ida-Viru, Jõgeva, Järva, Lääne, Lääne-Viru, Petseri, Põlva, Pärnu, Rapla, Saare, Tartu, Valga, Viljandi, Võru
Major Cities: Tartu, Narva, Kohtla-Järve, Pärnu

Economy
Major Industries: engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textiles; information technology, telecommunications
Major Airports: Lennart Meri Tallinn Airport
Major Ports: Muuga, Tallinn

Politics
Governor: Edgar-Johan Kuusik

Premier: Sven Mikser
Ruling Party: Social Democratic Party (Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond)

Demographics
Population: 1,294,236
Language: Estonia, Võro, Russian
« Last Edit: August 13, 2014, 04:24:34 AM by Finland »
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #18 on: September 18, 2012, 03:24:25 AM »
Itä-Karjala/Idä-Karjala/Östkarelen
Eastern Karelia


Flag


Geography
Capital: Äänislinna
Districts (piiri): Aunuksen, Sorokkan, Kalevalan, Kantalahden, Karhumäen, Kemin, Kontupohjan, Kostamuksen, Kouteron, Kuolan, Lahdenpohjan, Louhen, Luujärven, Mujejärven, Pitkärannan, Prääsän, Puudožin, Sekeen, Suojärven, Turjan, Äänisenrannan
Major Cities: Aunus, Karhumäki, Hiipinä, Kostamus, Muurmanni, Kantalahti

Economy
Major Industries: Forestry/Wood processing, Mining
Major Airports: Muurmanni Airport, Äänislinna Airport
Major Ports: Murmansk

Politics
Governor: Yrjö Yrjö-Koskinen, Duke of Savolax and Karelia

First Minister: Veikko Vennamo
Ruling Party: Karelian Social Democratic Party (Karjalan Sosiaalidemokraattinen Puolue)

Demographics
Population: 1,438,957
Language: Finnish, Karelian, Veps, Russian
« Last Edit: October 11, 2014, 03:36:18 AM by Finland »
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Re: Finnish Factbook
« Reply #19 on: September 18, 2012, 03:27:27 AM »
Inkerinmaa/Ingermanland
Ingria


Flag


Geography
Capital: Hatsina
Districts (piiri): Boksitogorskin, Hatsinan, Jaaman, Kirišin, Korotkan, Koskenalan, Lomonosovin, Lotinapellon, Lugan, Olhavan, Seuloskoin, Slatnsyn, Tihvinän, Tusinan, Volossovan
Major Cities: Hatsina, Korotka, Seuloskoi, Tihvinä

Economy
Major Industries: Forestry/Wood processing, Manufacturing, Agriculture
Major Airports: Pietari Pulkovo International Airport
Major Ports: Retusaari

Politics
Governor: N/A

Premier: Elections have not yet been held
Ruling Party: Elections have not yet been held

Demographics
Population: 1, 716, 868
Language: Finnish, Ingrian, Veps, Russian
« Last Edit: August 20, 2014, 01:08:38 PM by Finland »
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