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Offline South West Africa

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Factbook of the Republic of South West Africa
« on: December 23, 2017, 06:50:11 AM »
Republic of South West Africa
Republiek van Suidwes-Afrika




I. Basic Information


1. Country Name and Three Letter Acronym: Republic of South West Africa, SWA

2. Capital: Windhoek

3. Background:

The dry lands of what is now South West Africa were inhabited since early times by San, Damara, and Nama. By the beginning of the 14th century, immigrating Bantu peoples arrived during the Bantu expansion from central Africa and settled in the region.

The first Europeans to arrive in the region were the Portuguese navigators Diogo Cão in 1485 and Bartolomeu Dias in 1486, but like most of interior Sub-Saharan Africa, region was not extensively explored by Europeans until the 19th century. At that time traders and settlers were primarily Boers and Germans. In the late 19th century, Dorsland Trekkers crossed the area on their way from the South African Republic to Angola. Having crossed the Oranje river many of them settled instead of continuing their journey. These settlers founded the Transoranje-Vrystaat in 1876 and almost immediately came into conflict with the local tribes. With aid from fellow Boer settlers from the south, the Vrystaat survived and came under German protection when the region became the German colony of South West Africa. During German rule thousands of settlers, mostly Germans and Dutch. More Europeans arrived during and after the Second Boer War in South Africa, when a significant number of Boers fleeing the British arrived. Increasingly brutal conflicts with the the Nama, Herero, Ovambo and other indigenous peoples culminated in the Herero and Namaqua Genocide of 1904–1907. Following the rebellion and genocide, most indigenous people in South West Africa had either fled, been deported or died.

In 1915 German South West Africa was occupied by South African troops and from 1919 onward South Africa administered South West Africa as a League of Nations mandate (nominally under the British Crown). Plans by the South African government to annex South West Africa into its official territory, was met with increasing resistance from the white population. A movement to establish an independent state soon grew out of increasingly harsh South African rule, particularly against Germans or those whites of German descent, and a sense of disenfrachement. While South West Africa was administered by South Africa as its de facto "fifth province", the South African Government appointed a series of unpopular and heavy handed administrators, who had extensive executive powers. These administrators often clashed with the local legislative assembly, causing further discontent.

Following the Second World War the region once again saw a large influx of Europeans, this time primarily Dutch and Dutch-speaking Belgians who wanted to escape the war torn Europe. With the League's replacement by the United Nations in 1946, South Africa refused to surrender its earlier mandate. During the 1950s, the independence movement gained momentum and when the Union of South Africa cut all ties with Britain and the Commonwealth and became the Republic of South Africa following a referendum, there were calls for indeoence, which was soon cut short by military intervention by South Africa. South West Africa and its economy struggled as South Africa became increasingly politically and economically isolated and the Bush War, pitting South Africa against left wing Ovambo rebels in the northern part of the country. Public opinion turned decisively against the South African government in the aftermath of the Windhoek Student Riots of 1968, which left ten students dead. From 1970 onwards, the South West African independence movement, dominated by the Vryheidspartiy (Freedom Party) began an international campaign to rally support for South West African independence, leading to further repression by the South African government. In the early 1980's thanks to the efforts of the Vryheidsparty and the increasing isolation of the South African regime, international pressure once again mounted on the SA government to grant concessions to South West Africans. In 1984 the crisis came to a head when the South West African legislative assembly declared the independece of the Republic of South West Africa. The declaration was followed by the short War of Independence. The hastily assembled SWA forces, bolstered by the effective local Kommando militias and the wholesale defection of the South West Africa Territorial Force, managed to inflict several defeats upon the local South African troops and international pressure on South Africa once again mounted through 1984 and 1985. In June 1985 South Africa finally recognized South West African indepencence and the first truely free elections were held in October that year.

The economic growth of South West Africa had been hampered for decades by neglect and later the sanctions imposed on South Africa by the international community. Since independence the South West African economy has seen steady growth and increased investments.


II. Vital Statistics


4. Sub-Region(s): Southern Africa

Map:



5. Name of Provinces:
1. Kaokoland
2. Nieuweland
3. Vryburg
4. Grootvlakte
5. Etosha
6. Kavangoland
7. West Caprivi
8. East Caprivi
9. Swakop
10. Lijdensrust
11. Grootveld
12. Windhoek
13. North Transoranje
14. South Transoranje

6. Population: 2,113,077

7. Gross Domestic Product (GDP): 27.451 billion

(a) GDP per Capita: $13,215

III. Government


8. Country Name: South West Africa

(a) Conventional Long Form:
Republiek van Suidwes-Afrika (Afrikaans)
Republik Südwestafrika (German)
Republic of South Africa (English)

(b) Local Long Form, English: Republic of South West Africa

9. Country’s Motto: Freedom and Courage

10. Government Type: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic

11. Formation Date: 1985

12. Independence from: Republic of South Africa

13. National Holiday: Independence Day

14. Legal System: Roman-Dutch law and English Common law

15. Suffrage (age): 20

16. Suffrage (who may vote): Universal


IV. Executive Branch


17. Leader of Government: Prime Minister Cornelis Hendrik Koopmans

18. Leader of Government’s Political Party: Vera Schippers (Acting)

19. Head of State: State President Andries Schwartzel

20.  Leader of Government’s Cabinet:  N/A


V. Legislative Branch


21. Names of Major Political Parties: New Liberal Party, Conservative Party, Freedom Party, Social Democratic Alliance, Green Movement, Labour Party

22. Names of Political Pressure Groups: N/A

23. Names of Chambers in Legislature: People's Council
 
24. Seats in Each Chamber / Length of Term: 105 seats / four years

25. Last Election Date: 10-02-2015

26. Last Election Results: 

27. Next Election Date: 10-02-2019


VI. Judicial Branch


28. Number of Supreme Court Justices: 12

29. Process through which Justices Come to Power: Appointment by the Judicial Service Commission


VII. Foreign Policy

30. International Organization Participation: N/A

31. Territorial Disputes: N/A


VIII. Economy


32. Economic Overview:

33.GDP Growth Rate (2016):  5,8 %

34. GDP Percentage by Sector:
Mining: 25 %
Agriculture: 11,5 %
Industry/Technology: 20 %
Services: 29 %
Tourism: 14,5 %

35. Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel:
Hydro/Tidal:
Solar:
Wind:
Total:

36. Nuclear Energy Capabilities:

37. Currency Name: Guilder
          a) Exchange Rate: N/A

38. External Debt: N/A

39. Creditor countries: N/A
 
40. Commodities Market: N/A

    

IX. Infrastructure


41. Ports and Harbors: Walvis Bay, Lüderitz

42. Number of airports with paved runways: 8

43. Name of Major International Airports: Windhoek International Airport, Walvis Bay Airport


X. Social Indicators


44. Life expectancy at Birth (in years):

Male: 73,3 years

Female: 78,9 years

45. Total Fertility Rate: 3,1

46. Nationality:

Noun: South West African(s)
   
Adjective: South West African

47. Ethnic Groups:
Whites - 83 %
Coloureds - 6 %
Blacks - 11 %

48. Religious Composition:

Christian - 84 %
- Protestant - 87 %
- Roman Catholic - 13 %

Indigenous - 2 %
Non-religious - 11 %
Hindu - 1 %
Other - 2 %

49. Languages:
Offical languages: Afrikaans and English
Recognized languages: German, Otjiherero and Oshiwambo (Ovambo)

50. Literacy:

Total Population:

Male: 97,7 %

Female: 97,4 %
   
51. Major infectious diseases and degree of risk: Malaria


XI. Military


52. Military branches: Army, Air Force and Navy

53. Military service:

Is Military Service Compulsory: Yes

Minimum age for service: 18

54. Manpower available for military service:

55. Military expenditures per year – in US$ Dollars:

56. Military expenditures as a percentage of GDP: 4,6 %

57. Weapons of mass destruction:

Nuclear Weapons: None

Chemical Weapons: None

Biological Weapons: None


XII. Transnational Disputes


58. Territorial disputes with other states: N/A

59.  Non-territorial disputes with other states: N/A
« Last Edit: December 31, 2017, 08:27:38 AM by South West Africa »

Offline South West Africa

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Re: Factbook of the Republic of South West Africa
« Reply #1 on: December 25, 2017, 10:10:43 AM »
XIII. Administrative Divisions



1. Kaokoland
2. Nieuweland
3. Vryburg
4. Grootvlakte
5. Etosha
6. Kavangoland
7. West Caprivi
8. East Caprivi
9. Swakop
10. Lijdensrust
11. Grootveld
12. Windhoek
13. North Transoranje
14. South Transoranje
« Last Edit: December 25, 2017, 01:56:47 PM by South West Africa »