Text Box: Established in 1891, the British protectorate of Nyasaland became the independent nation of Malawi in 1964. After three decades of one-party rule under President Hastings Kamuzu Banda the country held multiparty elections in 1994, under a provisional constitution which came into full effect the following year. Over the past three years, Malawi has experienced notable highs and lows.  Under the leadership of Bakili Muluzi, Malawi gained regional prominence in heading the African Union with President Muluzi as Secretary General.  Subsequently, President Muluzi had a nervous breakdown and erratic behavior led to his assassination by an unidentified assailant.  He was replaced by human rights activist Veira Chirwa who ruled through 2005 with notable accomplishments such as the promotion of children and women’s rights, although her hard line against white-led governments in Southern Africa won her few allies in the region. Current President Bingu wa Mutharika has struggled to assert his authority against his political party leader, who ran against him in the 2004 election. Mutharika’s anti-corruption efforts have led to several high-level arrests and one prominent conviction. Increasing corruption, population growth, increasing pressure on agricultural lands, and the spread of HIV/AIDS pose major problems for the country.
Text Box: I. Basic Information
Text Box: Malawi (MAL)
Text Box: II. Vital Statistics
Text Box: Sub-Region: South

Provinces (1):  Malawi

Population: 11,166,000

Gross Domestic Product:  $7 bn

Text Box: III. Government
Text Box: Country Name
	Conventional Long Form:  Republic of Malawi

	Long Local Form:  Republic of Malawi

	Local Short Form: Malawi

Country Motto: Onward, Upward, Forward

Government Type: Multiparty Democracy

Independence: July 2, 1964 from Britain

National Holiday: July 6 (Independence Day)

Legal System:  English Common Law and Customary Law

Suffrage: 18 years, universal
Text Box: Method of Election/Term Length:   President elected by popular vote for 5-year term

Date of Last Election/Results:  May 20, 2004;   
  Bingu wa Mutharika (UDF) – 35.9%
  John Tembo (MCP) — 27.1%
  Gwandaguluwe Chakuamba (MC) — 25.7%
  Brown Mpinganjira (NDA) — 8.7%
  Justin Malewezi (Ind.) 2.5%

Date of Next Election: May 2009
Text Box: Major Political Parties: 
	Alliance for Democracy (AFORD)
	Malawi Congress Party (MCP)
	Malawi Democratic Party (MDP)
	Malawi Forum for Unity and Development (MAFUNDE)
	Mgwirizano Coalition (MC)
	Movement for Genuine Democratic Change (MGODE)
	National Democratic Alliance (NDA)
	National Unity Party (NUP)
	New Congress for Democracy (NCD)
	People's Progressive Movement (PPM)
	People's Transformation Movement (PETRA)
	Republican Party (RP)
	United Democratic Front (UDF)

Political Pressure Groups:
	None

Legislature:
	Unicameral National Assembly
	193 seats
	Members elected by popular vote to serve 5-year terms

Last Election Date:  May 20, 2004

Last Election Results: 	 
	UDF — 74
	MCP — 60
	Independents — 24
	RP — 16
	Others — 18
	Vacancies — 1

Next Election Date:  May 2009
Text Box: VI. Judiciary Branch
Text Box: Members of the Supreme Court of Appeal, High Court:  Eight

Process through which Justices Come to Power:  All appointed by President
Text Box: V. Legislative Branch
Text Box: VII. Foreign Policy
Text Box: International Organization Participation:
	African Union
	SADC

Territorial Disputes:  None
Text Box: VIII. Economy
Text Box: Landlocked Malawi ranks among the world's least developed countries. The economy is predominately agricultural, with about 90% of the population living in rural areas. Agriculture accounted for nearly 36% of GDP and 80% of export revenues in 2005. The performance of the tobacco sector is key to short-term growth as tobacco accounts for over 60% of exports. The economy depends on substantial inflows of economic assistance from the IMF, the World Bank, and individual donor nations. In late 2000, Malawi was approved for relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program. The government faces strong challenges, including developing a market economy, improving educational facilities, facing up to environmental problems, dealing with the rapidly growing problem of HIV/AIDS, and satisfying foreign donors that fiscal discipline is being tightened. In 2005, President MUTHARIKA championed an anticorruption campaign. Malawi's recent fiscal policy performance has been very strong, but a serious drought in 2005 and 2006 will heighten pressure on the government to increase spending.
Text Box: GDP Growth Rate: 1%

GDP Per Sector: 
	Agriculture: 35.9%
	Industry:  14.5%
	Services:  49.6%	

Unemployment Rate: 30%
	Urban:  24%
	Rural: 42%

Percentage of Population Below the Poverty Line: 55%
	Urban: 17%
	Rural: 31%

Inflation: 15.4%

Electricity Production by Source:
	Fossil Fuels: 74%
	Hydro: 4%
	Nuclear: 0%
	Other: 22%

Nuclear Energy Capabilities: None

Currency Name: Crowns

Current External Debt: N/A

Current Creditor States: N/A

Text Box: Head of State:  President Bingu wa Mutharika

Head of Government:  President Bingu wa Mutharika

Cabinet:
 Minister of Foreign Affairs             
 Minister of the Environment           
 Food and Rural Affairs                    
 Minister of Defense                         
 Minister of Education              	      
 Minister of Health                            
 Attorney General                              
 Minister of Culture                           
 Sport and Media                               
 Minister of the Treasury                  
 Minister of Trade and Industry        
Text Box: IV. Executive Branch
Text Box: The Honorable 
President 
Bingu wa Mutharika



Text Box: Annual Surplus (Exports)
Text Box: Current National Demand (Imports)
Text Box: IX. Infrastructure
Text Box: Ports and Harbors (5):  Chipoka, Monkey Bay, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Chilumba 

Airports with Paved Runways: 6

Major International Airports: 
    Lilongwe International Airport (LIL) 
Text Box: X. Social Indicators
Text Box: Life Expectancy at Birth 
	Male: 41.93
	Female: 41.45

Total Fertility Rate: 5.92

Nationality
	Noun: Malawian
 	Adjective: Malawian

Ethnic Groups: 
	Chewa  
	Nyanja
	Tumbuka
	Yao
	Lomwe
	Sena
	Tonga
	Ngoni
	Ngonde
	Asian
	European
Text Box: Religions:
	Christian, 79.9%

Languages:
	Chichewa 57.2% (official)
	Chinyanja  12.8%
	Chiyao 10.1%
	Chitumbuka 9.5%
	Chisena 2.7%
	Chilomwe 2.4%
	Chitonga 1.7%
	Other 3.6%	

Literacy (definition — age 15 and older can read and write):		Total Population: 62.7%
	Male: 76.1%
	Female: 49.8%

HIV/AIDS
Adult Prevalence Rate: 14.2%
People Living with HIV/AIDS: 900,000
Deaths in the Past Year: 84,000


Text Box: XI. Military
Text Box: Military Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, National Gendarmerie, National Police, Republican Guard

Military Service:  Compulsory, Minimum age for service is 18.

Manpower avail. for military service: 
	1,800,000 

Military Expenditures per Year: $3,800,000

Military Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 4%

Weapons of Mass Destruction:
	Nuclear: N/A
	Chemical: N/A
	Biological: N/A
Text Box: XII. Transnational Disputes
Text Box: Territorial Disputes:  Cameroon, which is also claimed by The Anaweim.

Non-Territorial Disputes:  Dispute with Afrikaaner Enclave on apartheid policies.
Text Box: Updated:  March 24, 2006
Text Box: Major Infectious Diseases/Risk:  degree of risk: very high 
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever 
vectorborne disease: malaria and plague, schistosomiasis


															
Text Box: AU Member

Oil

 

 

Uranium

 

Machinery

 

Gas (Natural)

 

 

Gold

 

Vehicles

 

Petro Products

 

 

Diamonds

 

Man. Goods

 

Medicine

 

 

Minerals

 

Consumer Goods

 

Perfume

 

 

Textiles

 

Tobacco

16,100

Chemicals

 

 

Foodstuffs

 

Wine

 

Livestock

 

 

Cotton

19,100

Vanilla

(& Other Spices)

 

Coffee

 

 

Timber

 

Sugar

 

Tea

 

63,700

Flowers

 

Fish

 

Cocoa

 

 

 

Services:

Tourism

 

Oil

 

 

Uranium

 

Machinery

 

Gas (Natural)

 

 

Gold

 

Vehicles

 

Petro Products

 

700

Diamonds

 

Man. Goods

 

Medicine

 

 

Minerals

 

Consumer Goods

28

Perfume

 

 

Textiles

 

Tobacco

 

Chemicals

 

 

Foodstuffs

 21,990

Wine

 

Livestock

 

 

Cotton

 

Vanilla

(& Other Spices)

 

Coffee

 

 

Timber

 

Sugar

 

Tea

 

 

Flowers

 

Fish

 

Cocoa

 

 

 

Services:

Tourism