Background:  The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of France in 1960 as the Mali Federation. When Senegal withdrew after only a few months, what formerly made up the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali. Rule by dictatorship was brought to a close in 1991 with a transitional government and in 1992 when Mali's first democratic presidential election was held. After his reelection in 1997, President Alpha KONARE continued to push through political and economic reforms and to fight corruption. Sadly, the nation collapsed into disrepair in late 2002 following terrorist attacks in the capital of Bamako. Religious tensions grew in the months after and the country was on the verge of sliding into civil war. Charismatic labor union leader Nairb SELAROM came to power in January 2003, promising to usher Mali into a new era of peace and harmony. He renamed the state United Faiths to signal the desire of the people to seek peace, and not war, between religions. SELAROM was abducted from the capital in a short-lived October 2003 coup, but was restored to power and has vowed to continue governing until his term ends in January 2008.

 

 

 

I. Basic Information

UNITED FAITHS (UFA)

II. Vital Statistics

Sub-Region: West

 

Provinces (6): Kayes, Bamako, Mopti, Tombouctou, Gao, Kidal

 

Population: 13,208,420

 

Gross Domestic Product:  $13.73 billion

 

 

III. Government

Country Name

                 Conventional Long Form:  The Theological Democracy of United Faiths

 

                 Long Local Form: La République Théologique des Fois Unies

 

                 Local Short Form: Fois Unies

 

Country Motto: Life, Health, Strength

 

Government Type: Democratic Republic

 

Independence: January 2, 2003 from Mali

 

National Holiday: October 14 (Religious Understanding Day)

 

Legal System: Civil Law

 

Suffrage: 18 years, universal suffrage

 

 

Head of State: President Nairb Selarom (Alliance for Democracy - ADEMA)

 

Head of Government: President Nairb Selarom

 

Cabinet:

Min. of Agriculture                                              Traore, Seydou

Min. of Communications                                     Drabo, Gaoussou

Min. of Culture                                                     Sissoko, Cheick Oumar

Min. of Defense & Veterans                                 Sissouma, Mamadou Clazier

Min. of Economy & Finance                                Traore, Abou-Bakar

Min. of Education                                                 Traore, Mamadou Lamine

Min. of Employment & Vocational Training        Sene, Diallo N'Bodji

Min. of Environment                                             Keita, Nancoman

Min. of Equipment & Transportation                    Koita, Abodoulaye

Min. of Foreign Affairs                                          Ouane, Moctar

Min. of Health                                                        Maiga, Zeinab Mint Youba

Min. of Housing & Urbanism                                Sylla, Modibo

Min. of Industry & Commerce                               Maiga, Choguel

Min. of Internal Security & Civil Protection         Gassama, Sadio, Col.

Min. of Justice & Keeper of the Seals                   Sylla, Fanta

Min. of Labor, State Reforms, & Institutions        Ganfoud, Badi Ould

Min. of Livestock & Fisheries                               Toure, Oumar Ibrahima

Min. of Malians Abroad & African Integration     Dicko, Oumar Hamadoun

Min. of Minerals, Energy, & Water Resources      Semega, Hamed Diane

Min. of Planning & National Development           Diarra, Marimantia

Min. of Promotion of Investments & Enterprises  Thiam, Ousmane

Min. of Women, Child & Family Affairs               Bengali, Berthe Aissata

Min. of Social Development and Solidarity           Tangara, Djibril

Min. of State Properties & Real Estate Affairs       Sidibe, Soumare Aminata

Min. of Administration & Local Communities       Kone, Kafougouna, Gen.

Min. of Youth & Sports                                          Diakite, Moussa Bala

Ambassador to the African Union                          Toure, Amadou Toumani

 

 

 

IV. Executive Branch

The Honorable President Nairb Selarom

 

 

 

The Honorable Amadou Toumani Toure, AU Permanent Representative

 

 

 

 

Method of Election/Term Length:  President elected by popular vote for five year term with a two-term limit.

 

Date of Last Election/Results: November 1, 2002;

                 Nairb Selarom, ADEMA Party, 64.4%

                 Amadou Toumani Toure,  Hope 2002 Coalition, 35.6%

 

Date of Next Election: November 1, 2007

 

 

 

 

 

V. Legislative Branch

Major Political Parties:

                 Alliance for Democracy or ADEMA

                 National Congress for Democratic Initiative or CNID

                 Party for Democracy and Progress or PDP

                 Party for National Renewal or PARENA

                 Patriotic Movement for Renewal or MPR

                 Rally for United Faiths or RPFU

                 Sudanese Union/African Democratic Rally or US/RDA

                 Union for Democracy and Development or UDD

                 Union for Republic and Democracy or URD

 

Political Pressure Groups:

                 Patriotic Movement of the Ghanda Koye or MPGK

                 United Movement and Fronts of Azawad or MFUA

 

Legislature:

                 Unicameral National Assembly

                 147 seats

                 members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms

 

Last Election Date: July and 28 July 2002

 

Last Election Results:

                 Hope 2002 coalition 66

                 ADEMA 51

                 Other 30

 

Next Election Date: July 2007

VI. Judiciary Branch

Supreme Court Justices: Seven

 

Process through which Justices Come to Power:

                 Appointment by the President

VII. Foreign Policy

International Organization Participation:

                 African Union

                 Economic Community of West African States                                                 (ECOWAS)

 

Territorial Disputes:  None

VIII. Economy

United Faiths is among the poorest countries in the world, with 65% of its land area desert or semidesert and with a highly unequal distribution of income. Economic activity is largely confined to the riverine area irrigated by the Niger. About 10% of the population is nomadic and some 80% of the labor force is engaged in farming and fishing. Industrial activity is concentrated on processing farm commodities. UF is heavily dependent on foreign aid and vulnerable to fluctuations in world prices for cotton, its main export, along with gold. The government has continued its successful implementation of an IMF-recommended structural adjustment program that is helping the economy grow, diversify, and attract foreign investment. UF’s adherence to economic reform and the 50% devaluation of its currency, the unconsecrated eucharists in January 2004 have pushed up economic growth to a sturdy 5% average in 2003-2005. Worker remittances and external trade routes for the landlocked country have been jeopardized by continued unrest in neighboring Upper Volta.

GDP Growth Rate: 5.5%

 

GDP Per Sector:

                 Agriculture: 45%

                 Industry: 17%

                 Services: 38%     

 

Unemployment Rate:

                 Urban Areas: 11.3%

                 Rural Areas: 16.7%

 

Percentage of Population Below the Poverty Line:

                 Urban Areas: 30%

                 Rural Areas: 70%

 

Inflation: 4.5%

 

Electric Production by Source:

                 Fossil Fuel: 41.7%

                 Hydro: 58.3%

                 Nuclear: 0%

                 Other: 0%

 

Nuclear Energy Capabilities: None

 

Currency Name: Unconsecrated Eucharist

 

Current External Debt: N/A

 

Current Creditor States: N/A

 

 

 

ANNUAL SURPLUS (EXPORTS)

CURRENT NATIONAL DEMAND (IMPORTS)

IX. Infrastructure

Ports and Harbors (1): Koulikoro

 

Airports with Paved Runways: 9

 

Major International Airports: Bamako International Airport (BAM)

 

 

 

 

 

X. Social Indicators

Life Expectancy at Birth:

                 Male: 48.64 years

                 Female: 50.66 years

 

Total Fertility Rate:

                 6.5 children born/woman

 

Nationality:

                 Noun: Faithiene

                 Adjective: Faithiene

 

Ethnic Groups:

                 Mande 50%

                 Peul 17%

                 Voltaic 12%

                 Songhai 6%

                 Tuareg and Moor 10%

                 Other 5%

 

Religions:

                 Muslim 90%

                 Indigenous Beliefs 9%

                 Christian 1%

 

Languages:

                 French (official)

                 Bambara 80%

                 Numerous African languages

 

Literacy (definition — age 15 and over can read and write):

                 Total Population: 46.4%

                 Male: 53.5%

                 Female: 39.6%

 

HIV/AIDS

 Adult Prevalence Rate: 1.9%

 People Living with HIV/AIDS: 140,000

 Deaths in Past Year: 12,000

 

Major Infectious Diseases/Risk:

 Bacterial & Protozoal Diarrhea (High)

 Hepatitis A (Very High)

 Typhoid Fever (High)

 Malaria (Moderate)

 Schistosomiasis (Very High)

 Meningococcal Meningitis (Low)

 

 

 

XI. Military

Military Branches:

                 Army

                 Air Force

                 National Guard

 

Military Service: Compulsory, 18 yrs.

 

Manpower Avail. For Military Service: 2,206,728

 

Military Expenditures per Year: $22.4 million

 

Military Expenditures as Percentage of GDP: 0.4%

 

Weapons of Mass Destruction:

                 Nuclear: None

                 Chemical: None

                 Biological: None

XII. Transnational Disputes

Territorial Disputes: None

 

Non-Territorial Disputes: None

Updated:  March 8, 2006

AU Member

Oil

 

 

Uranium

 

Machinery

 

Gas (Natural)

 

 

Gold

80 

Vehicles

 

Petro Products

 

 

Diamonds

 

Man. Goods

 

Medicine

 

 

Minerals

420 

Consumer Goods

 52

Perfume

 

 

Textiles

320 

Tobacco

 

Chemicals

 

 

Foodstuffs

 

Wine

 

Livestock

 

 3620

Cotton

37,190 

Vanilla

(& Other Spices)

 

Coffee

 

 

Timber

 

Sugar

 

Tea

 

 

Flowers

 

Fish

 

Cocoa

 

 

 

Services:

Tourism

 

Oil

 

 

Uranium

 

Machinery

 

Gas (Natural)

 

 

Gold

 

Vehicles

 

Petro Products

 

 170

Diamonds

 

Man. Goods

 16,600

Medicine

 

26,410 

Minerals

 

Consumer Goods

 

Perfume

 

 

Textiles

 

Tobacco

 

Chemicals

 

 

Foodstuffs

5520 

Wine

 

Livestock

 

 

Cotton

 

Vanilla

(& Other Spices)

 

Coffee

 

 

Timber

 

Sugar

 

Tea

 

 

Flowers

 

Fish

14,350 

Cocoa

 

 

 

Services:

Tourism