Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) achieved independence from France in 1960. Repeated military coups during the 1970s and 1980s were followed by multiparty elections in the early 1990s. Burkina Faso's high population density and limited natural resources result in poor economic prospects for the majority of its citizens.

I. Basic Information

UPPER VOLTA (RUV)

II. Vital Statistics

Sub-Region: West

 

Provinces (2): Ougadagou, Bobo-Dioulasso

 

Population: 13,902,972

 

Gross Domestic Product:  $16.9 billion

 

 

III. Government

Country Name

             Conventional Long Form: 

             Republic of Upper Volta

 

             Long Local Form:

             Republique de Volta Superior

 

             Local Short Form: Volta

 

Country Motto: "Freedom!"

 

Government Type: Republic

 

Independence: August 5, 1960 from Mulgaria (France)

 

National Holiday: December 11 (Republic Day)

 

Legal System: French civil law system and customary law

 

Suffrage: 17 years, universal suffrage

 

 

Head of State: Dr. Moses Lagrande

 

Head of Government: Dr. Moses Lagrande

 

Cabinet:

Minister of Foreign Affairs: Moishe Tsomba

Minister of the Interior: Muhammad DuPrez

Minister of Finance: Dalmuti Major

Defence Minister: General Aku Katama

 

Method of Election/Term Length:  5 year term. No term limit.

 

Date of Last Election/Results: Moses Lagrande: 45.2 %

 

Date of Next Election: July 12, 2011

 

 

 

 

 

IV. Executive Branch

The Honorable

President

Dr. Moses Lagrande

 

 

 

V. Legislative Branch

Major Political Parties:

             Nationalist Party (Conservative) 11,9 % ,

             Upper Voltan Social Liberal Party (Liberal social democrats) 45,2 % ,

             Pacifist Party (Pacisfists) 9 %,

             Farmers United Party (Agricultural conservative) 11,63 %,

 

Political Pressure Groups: N/A

 

Legislature:

             Unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale

             111 seats, 5-year t terms

 

Last Election Date: July 12, 2006

 

Last Election Results:

             N/A

 

Next Election Date: July 12, 2011

VI. Judiciary Branch

Supreme Court Justices: Five

 

Process through which Justices Come to Power:

             Direct Election

VII. Foreign Policy

International Organization Participation:

                 African Union

                 Economic Community of West African States                                                 (ECOWAS)

                 United Nations

 

Territorial Disputes:  None

VIII. Economy

One of the poorest countries in the world, landlocked Upper Volta has few natural resources and a weak industrial base. About 90% of the population is engaged in subsistence agriculture, which is vulnerable to harsh climatic conditions. Cotton is the key crop and the government has joined with other cotton producing countries in the region to lobby for improved access to Western markets. GDP growth has largely been driven by increases in world cotton prices. Industry remains dominated by unprofitable government-controlled corporations. Following the CFA franc currency devaluation in January 1994, the government updated its development program in conjunction with international agencies; exports and economic growth have increased. The government devolved macroeconomic policy and inflation targeting to the West African regional central bank (BCEAO), but maintains control over fiscal and microeconomic policies, including implementing reforms to encourage private investment.

GDP Growth Rate: 4.5%

 

GDP Per Sector:

             Agriculture: 32.2%

             Industry: 19.6%

             Services: 48.2%           

 

Unemployment Rate:

             Urban Areas: N/A

             Rural Areas: N/A

 

Percentage of Population Below the Poverty Line:  45%

             Urban Areas: N/A

             Rural Areas: N/A

 

Inflation: 6.4%

 

Electric Production by Source:

             Fossil Fuel: 90%

             Hydro: 9%

             Nuclear: 0%

             Other: 1%

 

Nuclear Energy Capabilities: None

 

Currency Name: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF

 

Current External Debt: N/A

 

Current Creditor States: N/A

 

 

 

ANNUAL SURPLUS (EXPORTS)

CURRENT NATIONAL DEMAND (IMPORTS)

IX. Infrastructure

Ports and Harbors: N/A

 

Airports with Paved Runways: 2

 

Major International Airports: Ouagadogou International Airport (OUA)

 

 

 

 

 

X. Social Indicators

Life Expectancy at Birth:

             Male: 47.33 years

             Female: 50.42 years

 

Total Fertility Rate:

             6.47 children born/woman

 

Nationality:

             Noun: Voltan

             Adjective: Voltan

 

Ethnic Groups:

             Mossi over 40%,

             Gurunsi,

             Senufo,

             Lobi,

             Bobo,

             Mande,

             Fulani

 

Religions:

             Muslim 50%,

             indigenous beliefs 40%,

             Christian (mainly Roman              Catholic) 10%

 

Languages:

             French (official),

             native African languages              belonging to Sudanic family              spoken by 90% of the              population

 

Literacy (definition — age 15 and over can read and write):

             Total Population: 26.6%

             Male: 36.9%

             Female: 16.6%

 

HIV/AIDS

 Adult Prevalence Rate: 4.2%

 People Living with HIV/AIDS: 300,000

 Deaths in Past Year: 29,000

 

Major Infectious Diseases/Risk:

degree of risk: very high

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever

vectorborne disease: malaria is a high risk in some locations

water contact disease: schistosomiasis

respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis (2005)

 

 

 

XI. Military

Military Branches:

             Army, Air Force, National Gendarmerie (2005)

 

Military Service: Compulsory, 18 yrs.

 

Manpower Avail. For Military Service: 2,651,687 (far, far less at any given time)

 

Military Expenditures per Year: $74.83 million

 

Military Expenditures as Percentage of GDP: 1.3%

 

Weapons of Mass Destruction:

             Nuclear: None

             Chemical: None

             Biological: None

XII. Transnational Disputes

Territorial Disputes: None

 

Non-Territorial Disputes: Political disagreements with many states over lesser matters.

Updated:  July 30, 2006

AU Member

Upper Volta

Oil

 

 

Uranium

 

Machinery

 

Gas (Natural)

 

 

Gold

 

Vehicles

 

Petro Products

 

610 

Diamonds

 

Man. Goods

 

Medicine

 

 

Minerals

2010

Consumer Goods

 

Perfume

 

 

Textiles

 

Tobacco

 

Chemicals

 

 

Foodstuffs

 

Wine

 

Livestock

 

 

Cotton

21,560

Vanilla

(& Other Spices)

 

Coffee

 

 

Timber

70,130

Sugar

 

Tea

 

 

Flowers

 

Fish

 

Cocoa

 

310 

 

Services:

Tourism

 

Oil

 

 280

Uranium

 

Machinery

1510

Gas (Natural)

 

 

Gold

 

Vehicles

 

Petro Products

 

 

Diamonds

 

Man. Goods

 

Medicine

 

 

Minerals

 

Consumer Goods

121

Perfume

 

 

Textiles

 

Tobacco

 

Chemicals

 

 

Foodstuffs

 

Wine

 

Livestock

 

 

Cotton

 

Vanilla

(& Other Spices)

 

Coffee

 

 

Timber

 

Sugar

 

Tea

 

 

Flowers

 

Fish

 

Cocoa

 

 

 

Services:

Tourism