The Holy Roman Catholic Pontifical States refers to The Netherlands, Belgium and Luxemburg, the low countries. All three countries were strongly Roman Catholic prior to the reformation and the protestant movement of the 15 century. Pope Leonard I proclaimed the northern lower countries to be the seat of the papacy in the early 17th century after the anti-popes of Avignon had been defeated and overthrown. Shortly thereafter, the House of Orange claimed the Papal Seat and held it for many centuries, suspending the college of cardinals and preventing them from electing a new pope.

 

Pope Sixtus VI a direct descendent from the first line of the House of Orange moved the seat of the papacy to Luxembourg and issued a papal bull (Dictate of the Pope) stating that the Papacy of Luxembourg was the one true papacy as ordained by God and in direct succession from St. Peter the apostle, declaring that it was”…necessary for the Salvation of souls and in the interests of the mother church that every Christian be subject to the Pope” in order to assert Papal Sovereignty.

 

Pope Sixtus VI declared that he would excommunicate the Mulgarians from the Mother Church if they did not grant the Papal States its independence.

I. Basic Information

Papal States (MAL)

II. Vital Statistics

Sub-Region: North

 

Provinces (1):  Luxembourg

 

Population: 459,000

 

Gross Domestic Product:  $25 bn

 

 

III. Government

Country Name

             Conventional Long Form:  The Holy Roman Catholic Papal States

 

             Long Local Form: Status Sancta Romanus Ecclesia

 

             Local Short Form: Papal States

 

Country Motto: For God’s Grace

 

Government Type: Ecclesiastical Elective Monarchy

 

Independence: April 21, 2005 from Mulgaria

 

National Holiday: December 12 (Birth of Pope)

 

Legal System: Canon Law

 

Suffrage: 80 years of age, restricted to Cardinals

Major Political Parties: None

 

Political Pressure Groups: None

 

Legislature:

             Unicameral

             College of Cardinals consists of 60 Cardinals:

                          Cardinal Bishops,

                          Cardinal ArchBishops,

                          Cardinal Priests and

                          Cardinal Deacons

 

Last Election Date:  None – Cardinals appointed by reigning Pope

 

Last Election Results:   None

 

Next Election Date:  None

VI. Judiciary Branch

Members of the Supreme Court of Appeal, High Court: Twelve

 

Process through which Justices Come to Power: All appointed by the Pope

V. Legislative Branch

VII. Foreign Policy

International Organization Participation:

             African Union (observer)

            

Territorial Disputes:  Brussels, Charleroi, Netherlands

VIII. Economy

The Economy of the Papal States is based on revenue generated from contributions (Peter’s pence), tithes, donations and income generated from financial and banking services. The Papal Bank is one of the oldest financial institutions dating back many centuries, during the Middle Ages the Papal Bank was made up of merchants and money changers, in its modern form it is involved in worldwide bankings and offering financial servicies to many banks, organisations and sometimes individuals. Its Currency is the Mulgarian Franc and the Papal Lira both of which are legal tender in the Papal States.

GDP Growth Rate: N/A

 

GDP Per Sector:

             Agriculture: N/A

             Industry: 2%

             Services: 98%  

 

Unemployment Rate: N/A

             Urban: N/A

             Rural: N/A

 

Percentage of Population Below the Poverty Line: N/A

             Urban: N/A

             Rural: N/A

 

Inflation: N/A

 

Electricity Production by Source:

             Fossil Fuels: 45%

             Hydro: 25%

             Nuclear: N/A
             Other:
25%

 

Nuclear Energy Capabilities: N/A

 

Currency Name: Papal Lira

 

Current External Debt: N/A

 

Current Creditor States: N/A

 

Head of State:  Michael Cardinal Alonzo

 

Head of Government: Pope Sixtus VI

 

Cabinet:

Cardinal Secretary of State

Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith

Congregation for Divine Worship and Discipline of Sacraments

Congregation for Bishops

Congregation for Seminaries and Religious Education

Congregation for the clauses of Saints

Congregation for the clergy

Congregation for Evangelization of peoples and Missonaries

Congregation for Institutes of consecrated life and societies of apostolic life

Secretariat for  Relation with States

Congregation for Oriental Churches

Congregation for African Churches

 

Method of Election/Term Length:  Elected by College (conclave) of Cardinals for Life

 

 

Date of Last Election/Results: William Cardinal Orange-Nassau

 

Date of Next Election: Unknown—Upon the Passing of His Holiness

IV. Executive Branch

Annual Surplus (Exports)

Current National Demand (Imports)

IX. Infrastructure

Ports and Harbors (0): N/A

 

Airports with Paved Runways: 2

 

Major International Airports:

    Luxembourg International Airport (LUX)

X. Social Indicators

Life Expectancy at Birth

             Male: 87

             Female: 89

 

Total Fertility Rate: 2.1

 

Nationality

             Noun: Luxembourgian

             Adjective: Luxembourgian

 

Ethnic Groups:

             French 36%,

                 German 41%,

                 Dutch 10%

 

Religions:

             Roman Catholic 97%

                 Protestant 1% 

                 Anglican 1%

 

Languages:

             Latin – Official,

                 French,

                 German,

                 English,

                 Dutch

            

Literacy (definition — age 15 and older can read and write):                     Total Population: 97%

             Male: 97%

             Female: 92%

 

HIV/AIDS

Adult Prevalence Rate: N/A

People Living with HIV/AIDS: N/A

Deaths in the Past Year: 2

 

Major Infectious Diseases/Risk: 

N/A

XI. Military

Military Branches: Swiss Guard

 

Military Service:  Not Compulsory, 18 years

 

Manpower avail. for military service:  N/A

 

Military Expenditures per Year: N/A

 

Military Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: N/A

 

Weapons of Mass Destruction:

             Nuclear: N/A

             Chemical: N/A

             Biological: N/A

XII. Transnational Disputes

Territorial Disputes: Belgium and the Netherlands

 

Non-Territorial Disputes: Supremacy of the Pope over Roman Catholic Church and Christianity debated by other Christian denominations and States

Observer

Updated: June 15, 2006

Text Box: PAPAL STATES

Oil

 

 

Uranium

 

Machinery

2410

Gas (Natural)

 

 

Gold

 

Vehicles

 

Petro Products

 

 

Diamonds

 

Man. Goods

28,000

Medicine

 

 

Minerals

 

Consumer Goods

 

Perfume

 

 

Textiles

 

Tobacco

 

Chemicals

 

196

Foodstuffs

 

Wine

 

Livestock

 

 

Cotton

19,100

Vanilla

(& Other Spices)

 

Coffee

 

 

Timber

 

Sugar

 

Tea

 

 

Flowers

 

Fish

 

Cocoa

 

 

 

Services:

Tourism

 

Oil

 

 

Uranium

 

Machinery

 

Gas (Natural)

 

 

Gold

 

Vehicles

 

Petro Products

 

 

Diamonds

 

Man. Goods

 

Medicine

 

 

Minerals

6190

Consumer Goods

211

Perfume

 

 

Textiles

 

Tobacco

 

Chemicals

 

 

Foodstuffs

630

Wine

 

Livestock

 

 

Cotton

 

Vanilla

(& Other Spices)

 

Coffee

 

 

Timber

 

Sugar

 

Tea

 

 

Flowers

 

Fish

 

Cocoa

 

 

 

Services:

Tourism