African Union Headquarters                                 Bujumbura, Burundi

Nation States Africa

General Assembly Chamber, Bujumbura, Burundi

African Union General Assembly

Equality for All

The African Union’s General Assembly (AUGA) represents the legislative power of the organization’s three-body system.  It is charged with addressing fundamental questions of the organization’s administration and the development of broad-based resolutions for the entire world. The AUGA acts in addressing major global trends to make decisions which member governments much carry out under the African Union Charter.  The decisions are known as AU General Assembly Resolutions.

The AUGA is composed of every member state, which has a single and equal vote in the chamber.  The voting time limit for a GA resolution is two weeks.

The first and most important function of the AUGA was the passage of the AU Charter, providing the rules that govern the organization.  The text is listed below.

 

 

 

Charter of the African Union

PART I: ORGANS AND STRUCTURES OF THE AFRICAN UNION


The Peoples of Africa hereby establish this Union to Aid our Endurance and Secure our Peace.

The General Assembly

Article I – Title, Eligibility, Appointment, and Withdrawal

Section 1. – All Legislative power herein conferred shall be vested in the General Assembly.

Section 2. – All Nations resident within the Region shall be eligible to sit in Assembly.

Section 3. – Any State may at any time submit a Petition for Membership to the Office of the Secretary General. And the Petitioner shall immediately submit to a National body so empowered a Motion for Ratification of this Charter and what other Subsidiary Agreements the Assembly shall see fit. And if the National body so empowered Ratifies this Charter and other Subsidiary Agreements, the Petitioner shall issue a statement to the Office of the Secretary General noting such Ratification. And the Secretary General shall immediately add the Petitioner to the listing of Member States. And the New Member State shall appoint a delegate to sit in Assembly, and the delegate shall be called a Permanent Representative.

Section 4. – Any Delegate may at Any submit a Motion to Expel any Member State. And having noted a motion and a second, the Secretary General shall within forty-eight hours enter unto debate the question, “Shall the Member be expelled?” And in 14 days, if three-fourths of the whole number of voting delegates so agree, the Member State shall be expelled.

Article II – Rights and Duties

Section 1. – The General Assembly shall have power to approve all Agreements, Resolutions, and Directives on authority of the Union, and all such items shall originate in the General Assembly; but not a motion to levy annual dues which shall be authored by the General Secretariat and approved or rejected by the General Assembly but not have the power to address specific conflicts or issues in specific states; any unilateral motion shall originate and be approved or rejected by the Security Council.

Section 2. – All Member States shall have power to submit to the Office of the Secretary General what Agreements, Resolutions, and Directives they may see fit. And the General Secretary shall ensure that they are properly fashioned and enter them unto debate.

Section 3. – At all times, Member States shall have the right to one vote in the General Assembly.

Section 4. – At all times, Member States shall have the right to address the General Assembly on the multilaterally-concerned broad issues they see fit.

Section 5. – Member States will contribute annual dues to the Organization based on a quota system proportional to GDP, calculated by the General Secretariat.

The General Secretariat

Article III – Title, Eligibility, Appointment, Withdrawal, and Compensation

Section 1. – All Executive powers herein conferred shall be vested in the General Secretariat, led by the Secretary General.

Section 2. – The Secretary General shall preside the General Assembly and facilitate its proceedings.

Section 3. – Any Member State whose Permanent Representative does not sit in the Security Council shall be eligible to designate its Permanent Representative to fulfill the Office of General Secretary.

Section 4. – On the first day of October immediately following approval of this Charter, the current Secretary General shall request nominations to the Office of General Secretary. And one day after the election of a new Security Council, the current Secretary General shall list eligible Member States and commence elections. And by majority vote, the new Secretary General shall be appointed. On the first day immediately following the election, the new Secretary General shall begin his or her duties. Each successive Secretary General shall be appointed in like fashion. And the Secretary General shall serve a term of three months, but shall not be bound by term-limits.

Section 5. – At the behest of one Delegate and at any time, the General Assembly shall review the actions of the Secretary General in the exercise of his or her duties. And the Security Council shall appoint a delegate to preside over the proceedings. And if two-thirds of the whole number of Member States so choose, the Secretary General shall be impeached and withdrawn. The Security Council would immediately commence emergency elections to fill the office.

Section 6. – The Secretary General will organize the General Secretariat to his discretion, appointing civil servants from member states to lead AU bureaus that report to him or her.

Section 7. – The Secretary General shall receive a remuneration for his or her efforts which shall not be diminished during his or her term in office. The Organization’s civil servants will equally be compensated from the Organization’s budget.

Article IV – Duties

Section 1. – The Secretary General shall:

· preside over the General Assembly, facilitate its proceedings, and see that it functions expeditiously. And she may appoint Deputy and Assistant Secretaries who shall take up the duties of the Office on his or her order or absence;

· review all Proposals, Resolutions, Directives, and Agreements and see that they are properly fashioned and shall refer them to concerned bodies for debate, vote and other action;

· oversee the Organization’s regional news service, and may appoint a Deputy or Assistant Secretary to oversee the office’s work ;

· work to ensure that all Union interests are properly funded

· occupy a seat and have the tie-breaking vote in the Security Council;

· receive membership petitions and see that they are treated expediently;

· not vote in the General Assembly, but the Member State which he or she represents shall at all times retain its vote in the General Assembly;

· be Head of State of Burundi, with its capital of Bujumbura and see that it meets the interests of the Union, while defending and promoting the interests of the people of Burundi;

· work to expand the organization’s membership and influence, and improve its image;

· greet new nations that take up residence in the Region, , inquire regarding their interests, consult with the African Union’s Cartographic Bureau, and forward their land requests to the Security Council; and

· see that this Charter and other critical Directives, Resolutions, Agreements and Subsidiary Items are properly translated and implemented to ensure full and proper participation of all Member States.

The Security Council

Article V – Title, Composition, Eligibility, Appointment, and Withdrawal

Section 1. – All Judicial Power herein conferred shall be vested in the Security Council.

Section 2. – The Member States of the Union shall be sub-divided by sub-region, and each sub-region shall elect two councilors in quarterly elections.

Section 3. – Following Approval of this Charter, and in each Region, the General Secretariat shall commence preparations for the election of a new Security Council to take office on November 1.

Section 4. – At the behest of one Member State and at any time, the General Assembly may review the actions of any Councilor in the exercise of her duties. If two-thirds of the voting delegates so choose, the Councilor shall be withdrawn. And if the Former Councilor be a First Councilor, the Second Councilor shall fill that seat and the Third Councilor shall fill the vacant Second Councilor seat.

Article VI – Duties

Section 1. – The Council shall work to ensure proper exercise of Union Directives, Resolutions, Agreements, and other actions.

Section 2. – Wherever conflicts arise, the Security Council shall pursue actions within the parameters of its Charter. If they should find available powers inadequate, they shall issue a report to the General Assembly requesting the actions they deem necessary.

Clause (A). Should the Member States of the African Union find the need to establish a security force, the Security Council or its designee shall direct its activities. If peace is breached in the Region, and the Security Council should see fit to resolve such circumstance by force, they shall issue a report to the General Assembly requesting war powers.

Clause (B). The Security Council may also legitimate the use of force against a state or transnational entity by approving a resolution to that effect, thereby consenting to a coalition of states outside of the AU’s security force to take necessary measures to resolve the conflict.


Section 3. – The African Union Security Council, while having responsibly used its nuclear deterrent capability, will disband its nuclear arsenal recognizing the principal that denuclearization of the continent is an ultimate goal the region strives to achieve.

Section 4. – The Security Council shall approve all motions to levy emergency dues or taxes proposed by the Secretary General, but not the dues related to the annual quotas which are approved by the General Assembly.

Section 5. – The Security Council shall administer unclaimed territories, and when new nations take up residence in the Region, the Security Council shall enter unto consideration their land requests promptly and in the interests of the Region.

Section 6. – And the Member States in which Security Councilors reside shall at all times retain their vote in the General Assembly, unless it should be rescinded by expulsion or other parliamentary sanctions..

Article VII – Amendments

This Charter may be amended by two-thirds vote of the whole number of Member States.